New research presented at the American College of Cardiology Latin American Conference 20178, has found that strength training may be more effective at lowering the risk of heart disease than cardiovascular exercising such as cycling and running. Conducted by researchers at ST. George’s University, the study investigates the difference effects static exercise such as strength training and dynamic exercises such as walking and cycling have on the heart.
It has been proven that all forms of exercise have great heart benefits, it has never been proven which form of exercise offers the most. The new study involved 4000 American adults, where researchers looked at many cardiovascular risk factors that included high blood pressure, weight, diabetes, and cholesterol as well as each person’s self-report on their level of static or dynamic activity. Participants were also broken up into two groups for observation, younger adults ages 21 to 44 and older adults over the age of 45.
Once taken in account age, gender, ethnicity and if participants smoked, researchers were able to conclude that both dynamic and static exercise was associated with 30 to 70 percent lower rates of heart disease risk factors, furthermore, the association was strongest in younger participants that participated in static activities. Researcher Maia P. Smith Ph.D., MS states “static activity appeared more beneficial than dynamic, and patients who did both types of physical activity fared better than patients who simply increased the level of one type of activity.”
Both static and dynamic activity was almost as popular in older people as younger, this gives clinicians the opportunity to suggest both types of workouts for their patients. It is important to make sure that they are engaging in any type of productive physical activity.
In another recent large-scale study published by the University of Iowa, also discovered that 1 to 59 minutes of weight lifting per week, divided into sessions could reduce the risk of any cardiovascular event by 40-70 percent.
For now, dynamic workouts are the go-to when trying to get yourself and your heart healthy, but in the future, more people will rely on static workouts to lower their chances of cardiovascular events that could be life-threatening.